Saturday, November 23, 2013

Mt. Sinai ME/CFS conference – November 20, 2013



The second conference at the Mt. Sinai ME/CFS Center was held on Wednesday, November 20, 2013. (The first conference was two years ago.) This year’s conference was an upbeat, almost exuberant affair, a set of fine lectures capped by a question and answer period. Dr. Derek Enlander organized the conference and presided over it with his usual charming and respectful guidance.

Various people, patients mostly, spoke positively to me of “the focus" of the conference and of the variety of information that it presented. Of course the packed room included many of Dr. Enlander’s patients - but there were also patients of Dr. Peterson and, I presume, of Dr. Klimas. One had the feeling that a number of the attendees had not previously attended a conference like this. At the end of the day it seemed as though many people did not want to leave.

A number of factors coalesced in this particular situation. Dr. Enlander, the sponsor and originator of this conference (aided mightily by Dwight Merriman, a major donor), is on the faculty of Mt. Sinai. This important medical center in NYC promotes the Mt. Sinai ME/CFS Center, which, in turn, is a huge platform upon which to operate a conference venue and to project information about this illness ME/CFS.

The speakers, limited to five, included clinicians and researchers.

The first speaker, perhaps the most dazzling (in the general sense), was Dr. Eric Schadt. If you want to be amazed, check out this talk from the last conference, recorded by my son Peter Cairns. Dr. Schadt has big plans for data assembly and manipulation. He works on various projects with various collaborators, all at the same time. Dr. Schadt, always dressed informally in his own private uniform, seems to be in a hurry. One wonders how much he knows about ME/CFS - and the feeling that I get is that he applies a schema from an allied chronic illness to ME/CFS. Nevertheless, he laid out various immensely complicated networks of disease, explaining the complexities and “perturbations” (a great word) along the way. It was all quite exciting. One wonders how much he works on our illness - and the big question is, how can we get him to do more work on ME/CFS? He seems propelled in a direction that would be extremely helpful. Certainly he is not lacking in enthusiasm, and is brimming with confidence.

Of particular note was his work with a technical collaborator, Dr. Joel Dudley, to find a drug for an existing illness (IBD), using their computational techniques. Through their elaborate process Joel Dudley identified Topiremate, an anti-seizure drug, to treat IBD in rats. No one previously had come close to thinking of using this drug for IBD. In another instance a previously unassociated tri-cyclite drug was found to be effective in a certain lung cancer with the results being published in Cancer Discovery.

The implication is that such a drug discovery process could be applied to ME/CFS. My suggestion would be to have Dr. Schadt and Dr. Dudley work on a drug-targeting project for ME/CFS, something that might be both quick and specific. For instance, imagine the possibilities if Dr. Schadt’s technology could interrogate particular cell lines from a tightly constructed cohort of ME/CFS patients.  
 
Next up was Dr. Judy Mikovits, who gave another of her amazing “outside of the box” lectures. It was also a surprising lecture, at least to me, who was not expecting her to touch on this subject.  But this is a wonderful thing about this researcher – she goes where she wants to go and always with the patients in mind. The reader might remember that Dr. Mikovits was jailed two years ago as she prepared to come to NY to give a presentation to the first Mt Sinai ME/CFS conference. At that time a great pall descended on this well-attended conference, as most conference attendees reacted with deep sadness to the very astonishing strangeness of the jailing of a researcher.  At least for this second Mt. Sinai conference day, many participants were pleased to see Dr. Mikovits speak – and it was a triumph, another masterstroke of Dr. Enlander. In fact, many of the attendees had come exclusively to hear Dr. Mikovits’ talk. I was among them.

Dr. Mikovits, without a job and without money, has continued over the past several years to attend professional conferences (cancer, GcMAF, mitochondria, lipid, lyme, ME/CFS) and to unleash her immense curiosity in the direction of this illness. She makes unusual, dynamic and wide ranging observations. We need to have more minds like hers at work towards our betterment.

Speaking of curious and fine minds, it was just a year ago that my friend Rich van Konynenburg died.  He gave a fine presentation at the last Mt. Sinai conference and his presence today was and always will be sorely missed.  Two years ago, Dr. Enlander showed his stripes by inviting Rich to give his first, or one of his first, presentations at a major conference. For years, I had observed Rich get marginalized in various situations –and his important ideas relegated to the periphery of conferences - but he always persevered. He was a wonderfully gifted and intelligent man, and when I think of his absence I want to weep.

Dr. Mikovits chose this moment to revisit an old topic, a topic that for all intents and purposes was seen as having been put to bed.  Dr. Mikovits’ lecture was an update on events since the Lipkin paper on XMRV. In today’s lecture, Dr. Mikovits presented various papers, some older, some newer that – and in a straight-line fashion - strung together the case that allowed the door to be reopened on a retroviral fingerprint in this illness. It was quite a talk, adjusted to the audience level, but still difficult to absorb. 

Towards the end, Dr. Mikovits touched briefly on one of her recent investigations - aberrant mitochondrial workings at the genetic level. She is investigating genetic testing for indications of secondary mitochondrial dysfunction that has shown up in a few ME/CFS or ME-like patients. Courtagen is the company that does this testing. This test might very well identify an important part of this illness - with the possibility of immediate treatment. The medical director of Courtegan is Dr. Richard Boles, whom I had heard about several years ago from Dr. Joseph Brewer. Dr. Boles is an innovator.  The hope is to form a collaboration with Courtagen, where they would run a small trial on severe ME/CFS patients.  

To me, Dr. Mikovits has the most “out of the box” thought process in this illness world.  In order to move this along, I think she needs to have more input into future conferences.  Like Rich van Konynenburg, she has “a feel for this illness”,  much of it springing from her work in cancer.

Dr. Mikovits and Dr. Schadt should have the opportunity to sit down for extended talks. Together, with the help of others, they might be able to crack a part of this illness. 

By lunchtime, we had had two lectures – the amazing and the surprising. What could be a better start?

The remarkable Hillary Johnson, author of "My Mother Ruth", came to me in the middle of the conference and said that it reminded her of the Invest in ME conference in the UK, both in its ambience and its seriousness.  Hillary was spot on. The Invest in ME conference is patient driven, which almost guarantees intensity and focus. These UK folks, primarily Richard and Pia Simpson, make things happen, without all the attendant crap of an ME/CFS Industry conference. If one wants to run an effective, hard-hitting conference, I would advise following the Invest in ME  model.

Dr. Derek Enlander has done this.  Perhaps it is inadvertent - but this Mt. Sinai conference had the same combination of clarity, variety, limited bullshit and consolidation of different aspects of research and treatment.  Could the conference have been improved? - Yes, it could, but it was an amazing effort as a second conference - and this bodes well for any such future endeavors.

The lectures after lunch were directed towards clinical practice.

Dr. Dan Peterson gave the first presentation. Each time I hear him give this talk, he seems to reach a higher level of eloquence concerning an array of difficulties of this illness. Dr. Peterson appears to me to want to be as clear as possible regarding his treatment of virally reactivating patients. These patients, clearly identifiable, represent 15% of his patients. I believe that he is mindful of his legacy and wants his lifetime of work to be continued by others. Of course this is a noble sentiment. He touched on Ampligen, Vistide, and Valcyte, all heavy-duty anti-virals that sometimes bring near complete recovery to selected patients. Of course the drugs work extra magic in his hands, as he has such a feel for this. I have personally met patients undergoing these treatments who have returned to work. Towards the end, Dr. Peterson confessed that he and his colleagues at large (clinicians) have not given or not been able to give proper care to these very sick and disabled patients. There was a sense of humility in what he said, something that you do not hear expressed very often.

Dr. Derek Enlander himself gave his usual polished, informative presentation, outlining his treatment protocol that has brought so much success to many patients. The room seemed to be full of his patients, in various stages of recovery.  Dr. Enlander presented a brief view of his upcoming research into the limbic system and announced a Spect Scan collaboration with Dr. Byron Hyde. These isotope scans look like they could be a new insight into the limbic system. Do not be surprised to see Dr. Hyde on the next conference program.

The last speaker was Dr. Nancy Klimas. Earlier in the day, she had been at a CFI think tank discussion at Columbia - and thus missed most of the day’s presentations.  She started her talk by promoting the new Neuroimmune Center at Nova University in Florida, which she heads up. Dr. Klimas has recruited various top-notch people from around the country including Gordon Broderick, one of my favorite researchers, and another, Mary Ann Fletcher, who had the guts to speak up in defense of our favorite advocate Eileen Holderman at the last CFSAC meeting.  I have always appreciated Dr. Fletcher’s work, but my opinion of her rose sky-high in these few revelatory seconds.

This is some enterprise that Dr. Klimas has consolidated - and let us hope that she can move things along, particularly in terms of research. She has a knack of getting grants, particularly through piggybacking ME/CFS onto Gulf War illness research.

Further into her talk, Klimas spoke about various immunological aspects of this illness. I have seen variations of this presentation quite a few times now, but for many in the audience this was a new and exciting experience.  Personally, I have never understood her cytokine profile - and the great difference between it and the separate efforts conducted by Dr. Montoya, Dr. Lipkin and Dr. Mikovits. For instance Klimas does not seem to pick up elevated IL-8 in her patient cohort.  To me, elevated IL-8 is almost a signature in itself of this illness. Conversely, she routinely gets elevated IL-5, which is almost non-existent in other ME/CFS cytokine panel cohorts studied. This makes one wonder what she is seeing and in what patient group.

Lost in the shuffle of the last few years is the cytokine profile that came out of the WPI in 2011. In spite of its attachment to the defunct XMRV, this profile functions equally well if the letters XMRV are removed. This study certainly gave impetus to Dr. Jose Montoya in his search for a signature, and I am convinced that Dr. Ian Lipkin’s cytokine work is going to reflect a similar signature, or at least be something built on the WPI work. How could it not be?

Dr. Klimas went on to claim that we have, virtually, a biomarker in this illness right now.  I found this somewhat disingenuous, and I do not think many people actually believe this. Certainly we can look forward to Dr. Jose Montoya’s studies in this regard, which will be presented in time. Dr. Montoya has told me that he continues working on this, is making progress, but that he “wants to get it right”.  Also we can look forward to publication of Lipkin’s work on cytokines that should emerge soon. Most important to me is the work on NK cell and other immunological markers, a potential “fingerprint” of this illness, coming out of the work of Dr. Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik and Dr. Don Staines at Griffith University in Australia. I have written on some of this elsewhere.

Dr. Klimas went on to complain about replication and promoted the idea of “you replicate my work and I will replicate yours”. To me, not having replicating studies in ME/CFS is a big problem. In my opinion the first and foremost trial to try to replicate is Dr. John Chia’s 2007 study on enteroviral involvement. Not having an attempt to replicate Dr. Chia’s findings actually interferes with progress towards a solution of a significant part of this illness. It has great negative consequences for patients.  Dr. Chia is left entirely to conduct this research on his own. Dr. Klimas should try to replicate Dr. Chia’s work - and then we can turn later to replicating something of her lab.

It was great to hear the various clinician attitudes and nuances for treatment – the more the better as far as I am concerned. One longs to hear others - especially Drs. Cheney, Chia, Brewer, Gordon, and Horowitz. And then there are other outside of the box researchers - Richard Boles (mitochondria), Robert Naviaux (metabalome), Patricia Kane (lipid membranes), John McClaren Howard (mitochondria, lipids), Marco Ruggiero (GcMAF) and others. 

There was a short question period at the end of the conference with the various presenters as well as Frank Ruscetti, Ashok Gupta, and Christian Becker. The panel ended with various questions to and statements or answers from the panelists.

Marian Lemle asked a question about her hypothesis that H2S plays a major role in ME/CFS and whether anyone made a connection with this. She must have been pleased that Dr. Enlander mentioned sulfur metabolism. From what I could see, Marian drew a blank from the rest of the panel. Her thesis is a good one and should be pursued. 

Howard Bloom made an eloquent statement about being locked in a darkened room for five years with this illness – and the attendant emotional catastrophe of total isolation.

Dr. Frank Ruscetti, fielding a difficult question about government (NIH) support for this illness, gave a fine, partial answer (by necessity) that concluded with his belief that funding for this illness will have to come from private foundations. I could not have agreed more and what he said was very important - coming in the final minute of the day. So this was a great conference from the first minute - to the last.

It is my opinion that the question period could have been extended for another half hour. There were at least ten people with hands raised when the conference ended - and the interest to engage the panel was growing. Many patients husband their energy and resources to get to this conference, and for them it is a precious moment, a unique contact with individuals that are elevated in their minds.  Patient questions are generally well articulated and diverse, polite and interactive. It is my belief that things –ideas, insights - come back the other way too and in unexpected fashion. I hate to say it, but panel members also need input - and some of these articulate patients might harbor insights that are useful to others, especially to medical practitioners. As far as I am concerned, they can never know enough about this disease and its peculiarities - and where else to get it but from the horse’s mouth. 

Wednesday, November 13, 2013

Yellow Soup


There was another fantastic and interesting article on Dr. Alexander Khoruts today. It appears in City Pages, is entitled The Forgotten Organ (Mysteries of the Microbiome) and was written by Chris Parker. This fellow Dr. Khoruts, based right here in Minnesota, amazingly, is, along with Dr Thomas Borody, the most dynamic individual in this emerging field.

He took a 14th century idea, known as Yellow Soup, and updated it to the 21st century. Many people are standing back, wondering how such a "Progressive idea" could emerge in our own time. (This is a bit of a joke.)

I first read about Alexander Khoruts and his work a good number of years ago.  He is right here in Minnesota at the University of Minnesota. He is a world leader in fecal transplantation and it is exciting to have him working so close by to where I live in Minnesota. Minnesota is not known to be a state that is aware of or gives legitimacy to ME/CFS (an understatement), so the possibility that a treatment for ME/CFS might emerge here is welcome news.

Here is an article on Dr. Alexander Khoruts, from the Guardian. As usual, the comments are interesting and informative.

A more immediate scientific observation regarding short term fatty acids in the gut can be found here.

Thursday, October 31, 2013

Mount Sinai ME/CFS conference - November 20, 2013


Dr. Derek Enlander is chairing an ME/CFS treatment conference at Mount Sinai in New York City on Wednesday, November 20, 2013. This one day conference will include presentations by Dr. Nancy Klimas, Dr. Dan Peterson, Dr. Judy Mikovits, Dr. Eric Schadt and Dr. Enlander himself. A panel discussion including the speakers as well as Dr. Frank Ruscetti and Christine Becker will occur at the end of the day. The emphasis will be on communication and interaction.

(The conference takes place in the Academy of Medicine, 1215 Fifth Avenue. Registration fee is $150 for physicians and $50 for patients. The conference runs from 11-4.)

It is my obervation that this conference is an outgrowth of a Simmaron research discussion held prior to the ME/CFS FDA meeting in May. At that time, Dr. Dan Peterson generously organized a pre-meeting open-format treatment discussion involving both Dr. Klimas and Dr. Enlander, along with a number of other clinicians, researchers and patients. The discussion was a lively one, and free-wheeling, just the kind of discussions necessary to push ideas along. Dr. Peterson's early morning meeting was the only item of real interest at this FDA conference and it is my feeling that this Mount Sinai conference is an attempt to build on that Simmaron discussion.

This is the second conference arranged by Dr. Enlander and the ME/CFS Center at Mount Sinai. Dr. Enlander is one of a very few physicians who is attached to a major university hospital doing research on this difficult illness. The last Mount Sinai ME/CFS Center conference was held two years ago and featured several very powerful and important lectures. Foremost was a talk by Dr. Eric Schadt that can be found here. Additonally Rich van Konenynberg gave a fine presentation on his mehtylation blockage/glutathione depletion ideas. Rich, who died a year later, is sorely missed by the patient community and many others who experienced the very rare character of this man. Rich's fully articulated three-hour lecture in Sweden can be found here. Dr. Kenny De Meirleir's often referenced talk on GcMAF can be found here. Dr. Enlander himself gave a fine presentation of his treatment strategy.

It is well known that Mount Sinai received a generous research gift from one of Dr. Enlander's patients, thus fueling the ongoing ME/CFS research at this center. It is less well known that these conferences at Mount Sinai, with all their very great importance, are constructed on a shoe string. It is time for someone else to step forward and help with this conference, especially considering the reality that very few of these kinds of discussions are ongoing in the field of ME/CFS treatment. This conference has very great potential to expand and ignite substantial treatment discussions - but someone is going to have to help Dr. Enlander in order for this conference format to reach its full potential.

For those readers who are not familiar with Dr. Enlander, here is a short radio interview with him.

Saturday, October 19, 2013

Dr. Joseph Brewer at ILADS 2013


Dr. Joseph Brewer gave a smashing talk on Mycotoxins and ME/CFS. Dr. Brewer is an Infectious Disease physician from Kansas City, MO, who has a longstanding interest in chronic illness. Dr. Brewer should be included in any serious discussion of these complex illnesses. He has great curiosity - which he backs up with science.

Dr. Brewer began by giving a general overview about mold, presenting a 2011 study of mold in water damaged buildings, a 2009 study of water damaged buildings after Katrina and a recent study out of Texas Tech.  He illustrated stachybotrus chartarum, one of the most notorious forms of mold.

He presented mycotoxins as extremely toxic, secondary metabolites. The three big ones, measured at Real Time Lab, are Aflatoxin, Ochratoxin A and Trichohothecene. 

Dr. Brewer and Dr. Hooper published a very important paper in April, 2013 on “Mycotoxins and ME/CFS”. Amazingly, they found 93% of 104 patients tested positive for one or more mycotoxins, compared to 0% in 52 controls.  Some have all three - the mycotoxins trifecta.

The clinical associations with mycotoxins poisoning are dysregulation of the immune system and especially dysregulation of mitochondria.  Mycotoxins are potent mitochondrial poisons. Mycotoxins produced the same symptoms as ME/CFS - and also as Lyme.

It is Dr. Brewer’s supposition that mold takes up residence in the body, particularly in the sinuses. He cited scientific studies that led him to this conclusion. This exposure can be current - or it can be longstanding from living or working in a moldy environment, ten, twenty or twenty-five years ago.

Dr. Brewer presented his treatment strategy for getting at the mold and getting rid of it. The first step is to reduce input. The second step is to enhance output. This can be through improving glutathione, increasing sweating, using binders like Cholestyramine or activated charcoal (his particular favorite) - and developing an antifungal strategy. 

The main approach that he uses is a mist delivery of Ampho B.  The instrument of delivery is a Nasa Touch

I asked Dr. Brewer about nasal colloidal silver. He said that he thought that colloidal silver was a promising treatment.

It was wonderful to see Dr. Brewer drop the mold bomb on this Lyme conference. He walks into a room and, when he is finished his delivery, things have changed. Dr. Brewer needs to be heard in more places. Meanwhile he goes about his work of helping patients. This clinician/researcher is among the very best. 

Friday, October 18, 2013

Dr. Judy Mikovits reports from ILADS/San Diego


The following report was written by Dr. Judy Mikovits:

While there were several provocative presentations today at ILADS including one on IVIG, Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and endocrine disorders, today I will focus this summary on talks given yesterday and today by Dr. Richard Horowitz. Dr. Horowitz piqued my interest when he started the discussion talking about the political stigma of the name, Chronic Lyme disease! Who suffers more by political stigma than sufferers of the disease with the name Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, I thought immediately? Dr. Horowitz and I are speaking the same language, one first expressed in 2011 in Ireland by MP Basil McCrae after I described the inflammatory cytokines, immune abnormalities and co-infections in ME/CFS and Autism. Basil saw the overlap in the diseases that I described but immediately thought of the political clout of working together. Millions of voters spoke volumes turning political stigma into a powerful lobby, he suggested. Today Dr. Richard Horowitz echoed MP McCrae’s wisdom and presented several hours worth of data supporting his suggestion that diseases including CLD, CFS, FM, MS, AD, autism some cancers and PANS/Pandas be called MSIDS: Multi-system Inflammatory Diseases. All of the diseases above share a single common denominator of activation of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, which we were the first to publish as a signature of a specific subgroup of ME/CFS in 2011. Horowitz spent the next three hours discussing the sixteen points that drive this complex scenario including infections (bacterial, viral parasitic, candida), immune dysfunction, inflammation, toxicity, allergic sensitivities, nutritional and enzyme deficiencies, mitochondrial dysfunction, neurological dysfunction, endocrine disorders and autonomic nervous system dysfunction. We need the medical research community to overlap enough to see the similarities - and the example he gave here were the advances made in autism. He suggested, as our recent research with Drs. Gordon, Bhakta, and Snyderman demonstrates, that we could in fact identify the predominant co-infections based on distinct cytokine signatures. Moreover if we can identify the biochemical mechanisms driving the underlying immune dysfunction and inflammation whether you call it CLD, CFS, FM MCS or MS, you can treat based on the underlying mechanisms, You treat the inflammation, immune, mitochondrial dysfunction and nutritional deficiencies AT THE SAME TIME. Fix those items and perhaps the patient does not need long-term antivirals or antibiotic regimens. This is exactly the model that Dr. Sarah Myhill and I discussed in detail a few weeks ago. In fact, Dr. Horowitz mentioned Dr. Myhill’s treatment strategy particularly. He mentioned specifically Dr. Myhill’s use of oral phosphatidyl choline and Low Dose Naltrexone in combination with antioxidant herbal therapies such as Alpha lipoic acid, resveratrol, glutathione and micronutrients - all found in the comprehensive supplements in the Pharmanex Lifepak family. There were many specifics and details in this presentation, which I will integrate into my discussion with Dr. Myhill’s summary of our discussion in the next few days. Everything I learned today, I can integrate into personalized treatment strategies, which I will share with readers and their physicians

Thursday, October 17, 2013

ILADS/San Diego



I am heading to San Diego for the ILADS conference on October 18-20. ILADS is a four-day conference on Lyme disease, its diagnosis and treatment. ILADS has their own dogma, attached to the long term use of antibiotics in treating Lyme and its coinfections. This is a long and large conference - and it has the feeling of representing "an Industry". It is always well attended by practitioners or researchers who have a big stake in the Industry (Professionals). In this way it is very similar to the IACFS/ME conference that is held every two years. Both conferences take a very broad approach in attempt to represent various constituencies.  The results are mixed - as this approach to conferences always lacks focus.

Patient-driven conferences like Invest in ME or the Physician’s Roundtable are completely different. There is no Industry to be supported. The Mount Sinai ME/CFS conference in November 2011 also took a more focused approach both in terms of subject and duration. There will be another Mount Sinai ME/CFS conference on November 20 chaired by Dr. Derek Enlander and including Dr. Nancy Klimas, Dr. Dan Peterson, Dr. Judy Mikovits, Dr. Eric Schadt and Enlander himself.

At this ILADS conference I will try to ferret out what I can, what is useful to me.

I am very interested to hear Dr. Richard Horowitz lead a section on treating multiple infectious diseases. This will be an extended preview of his book “Why Can’t I get Better? – Solving the mystery of Lyme and Chronic Disease”, which will be available on November 17.

Dr. Horowitz takes a broad view, embracing the complexities of these difficult illnesses with an umbrella framework that includes both viral and bacterial infections. He tries to think outside of the box and has shown a great curiosity over many years now. A recent lecture can be found here sponsored by Xymogen. In spite of the commercial aspect of this presentation, it advances his basic notions.

Dr. Burrascano will give an update on the Advanced Labs culture test. This is an important test and the CDC seems to want it to not exist.

Dr. Joseph Brewer will present a lecture on mycotoxins involvement in ME/CFS and his ongoing ideas of how to treat this. To me this is an important subject and I look forward to hearing Dr. Brewer.

Eva Sapi will provide an update on her Biofilm research.

Dr. Andy Kogelnik of the Open Medicine Institute will give a talk entitled, ”Clinical Research Networks: A Paradigm for Understanding Chronic Illness”. Dr. Kogelnik and the OPI/MERIT initiative have big plans. 

Various researchers will present immunologic side of Lyme disease – testing and treatment.  (I wonder if they know of the research of Dr. Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik?)

There always seems to be such a great disconnect between the Lyme community and the ME/CFS world. For me this is very hard to understand, as they seem to overlap so much. In a remarkable post, Cort Johnson brings us information that Simarron is looking for tick-born illnesses in Dr. Peterson’s samples. I wonder why it has taken so long.  I have never heard Dr. Peterson mention anything of tick born illness. Maybe Lipkin is finding something in this regard?

I have always been surprised at not ever seeing Dr. Horowtiz at a ME/CFS conference. He should be center stage. I did see Dr. Burrascano at a WPI conference in Reno in the summer of 2010, brought there by the phenomenon of XMRV. Since then a few ME/CFS physicians make an appearance at the ILADS conference, fueled by the larger viral and immunological research of Dr. Judy Mikovits. Presenters at ILADS have included Dr. Joseph Brewer, Dr. Jose Montoya, Dr. Neil Nathan and Dr. Kenny De Meirleir. (A De Meirleir lecture on GcMAF, similar to the one presented at ILADS last year, can be found here. GcMAF in Lyme disease has not been seen since Dr. Klinghardt proclaimed it a wonder drug several years ago. )

It has always been a mystery to me that at ME/CFS conferences, no mention is made of Lyme. This even holds true for the Invest in ME conference. Maybe it is time for getting Lyme doctors to ME/CFS conferences. Maybe Dr. Horowitz should make a presentation at the Mount Sinai Conference?

Among the many attendees at ILADS will be Dr. Judy Mikovits, Dr. Chitra Bhakta, Dr. Eric Gordon, and Dr. Karen Vrchota.